Composition of the ECHR - Judges, Sections, Grand Chamber - ECHR
Composition of the Court
Election of Judges
Although judges are elected in respect of a State, they hear cases as individuals and do not represent that State. They are totally independent and cannot engage in any activity that would be incompatible with their duty of independence and impartiality.
Read more about the Committee on the Election of Judges to the European Court of Human Rights.
Judges of the Court
In order of precedence as at 03/07/2023
Ad hoc Judges
When the national judge does not sit in the case because of inability, withdrawal or exemption, an ad hoc judge is appointed by the President of the Court from a list submitted in advance by the government concerned.
List of ad hoc judges
A Section is an administrative entity and a Chamber is a judicial formation of the Court within a given Section.
The Court has 5 Sections in which Chambers are formed. Each Section has a President, a Vice-President and a number of other judges.
Last updated : 03/07/2023
Lorraine Schembri Orland
Dorothee von Arnim
Pere Pastor Vilanova
Oddný Mjöll Arnardóttir
Ana Maria Guerra Martins
Anne Louise Bormann
Practice of the Grand Chamber Panel
This document describes the general practice followed by the Panel of the Grand Chamber when deciding on requests for referral in accordance with Article 43 of the Convention. It includes statistics, an explanation of Article 43 of the Convention and examples of case-law.
Italian* (translation commissioned by the Italian Government)
*The translations into non-official languages come from various sources. Only the English and French versions are authentic.