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Chamber judgment concerning the Russian Federation

Human Rights building


In the case of Carter v. Russia, the Court has found a violation of the right to life and a failure to comply with the obligation to provide it with any necessary facilities for its examination of a case.

The case concerned the poisoning with polonium 210 of the applicant’s husband, Aleksandr Litvinenko, in the United Kingdom, and the investigations into his death. Mr Litvinenko had worked for the Russian security services before defecting to the UK where he was granted asylum. In 2006 he was fatally poisoned with a radioactive substance in London. A public inquiry in the UK found that the assassination had been carried out by individuals on behalf of someone else.

The Court found in particular that there was a strong presumption that, in poisoning Mr Litvinenko, the assassins had been acting as agents of the Russian State. It noted that the Russian Government had failed to provide any other satisfactory and convincing explanation of the events or counter the findings of the UK inquiry.

Press release


  • Judgment concerning Poland

    Judgment concerning Poland

    The Court has found a violation of the prohibition of discrimination in the case of X v. Poland.

    The applicant argued before the ECHR that the Polish courts had refused to grant her residence rights in respect of her youngest child on account of her sexual orientation.

    The Court noted that the applicant’s sexual orientation and her relationship with another woman had been consistently at the centre of deliberations and present at every stage of the judicial proceedings. This difference in treatment with any other parent wishing to have full custody of his or her child amounted to discrimination and was contrary to the Convention.

    Press release

  • Judgment concerning the Russian Federation


    In the case of Volodina v. Russia (no. 2) the Court held that there had been a violation of the right to respect for private life.

    Before the ECHR the applicant alleged that the Russian authorities had failed to protect her against the repeated cyberviolence of her partner who had created fake profiles in her name, published her intimate photos, tracked her movements and sent her death threats via social media.

    Press release


Interim Measures

  • Interim measures lifted concerning Latvia


    The Court has decided to lift the interim measures indicated on 25 August 2021 in the case of Ahmed and Others v. Latvia. These concerned recent events at the Latvian-Belarus border, where the applicants – 41 Iraqis of Kurdish ethnic origin – were attempting to enter Latvia, allegedly with a view to seeking international protection.

    Press release


Grand Chamber

  • Request for an advisory opinion rejected

    Request for an advisory opinion rejected

    The ECHR has decided not to accept the request for an advisory opinion submitted by the Council of Europe’s Committee on Bioethics (DH-BIO) under Article 29 of the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine, also known as “Oviedo Convention”.

    The DH-BIO asked the Court to provide an advisory opinion on two questions regarding the protection of the human rights and dignity of persons with mental disorders in the face of involuntary placement and/or treatment.

    Press release

    Advisory opinions



  • Judicial Seminar 2021

    Judicial Seminar 2021

    The Court held a seminar on 10 September 2021 on The rule of law and justice in the digital age, which was attended by leading figures from the European judicial world.

    The topics presented and discussed at this event were: the use of artificial intelligence and the judiciary, access to justice and the coronavirus pandemic, the judiciary and the use of social media, and private life and digital technology.

    Video: English - Original language

    Speech by President Robert Spano Programme


Solemn hearing

  • Solemn hearing 2021

    Solemn hearing 2021

    On the occasion of a solemn hearing at the Court, held on 10 September 2021, Robert Spano, President of the ECHR, and Dineke de Groot, President of the Supreme Court of the Netherlands, addressed representatives of the highest courts in the member States of the Council of Europe and of the local, national and international authorities.

    Video: English - Original language Press release

    Speech by President Robert Spano 

    Speech by Dineke de Groot



  • Hearing in September

    Hearing in September

    The Court will be holding a Grand Chamber hearing in the case of H.F. and M.F. v. France and J.D. and A.D. v. France on 29 September 2021.

    The cases concern the requests to repatriate two French women held in a camp in Syria with their children.

    Press release

    Calendar of hearings


Judicial Seminar & Solemn hearing 2021


Delivered Judgments & Decisions

Forthcoming Judgments & Decisions