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Reform of the Court

Since the Court was set up in 1959 the Council of Europe’s member States have adopted several Protocols to the Convention, aimed at improving and strengthening the control machinery established by it.

In addition, several high-level conferences on reform of the Convention system have been held in recent years.

History of the ECHR’s Reforms

Conferences

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Brussels Conference

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Reports, Notes and Opinions

Protocol No. 16 to the Convention

Protocol No. 16 to the Convention allows the highest courts and tribunals of a State Party to request the Court to give advisory opinions on questions of principle relating to the interpretation or application of the rights and freedoms defined in the Convention or the protocols thereto.

Protocol No. 16 came into force on 1 August 2018, solely in respect of the States which have signed and ratified it.

Protocol No. 16

Opinion of the Court (06/05/2013)

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Protocol No. 15 to the Convention

Protocol No. 15 amending the Convention introduces a reference to the principle of subsidiarity and the doctrine of the margin of appreciation. It also reduces from six to four months the time-limit within which an application may be made to the Court following the date of a final domestic decision.

Protocol No. 15 will enter into force as soon as all the States Parties to the Convention have signed and ratified it.

Protocol No. 15

Opinion of the Court (06/02/2013)

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Note on the Reform Work

The purpose of this note is to present the situation in the Court with particular regard to the reform work set in motion after the Interlaken Declaration and Action Plan, and the follow-up Conferences in Izmir and Brighton.

Interlaken process and the Court (2016) 

Interlaken process and the Court (2015) Interlaken process and the Court (2014) (Italian version*)

Interlaken process and the Court (2013) Interlaken process and the Court (2012)

* Translations into Italian were commissioned by the Italian Government

Report of the Group of Wise Persons to the Committee of Ministers

The Court's Advisory Jurisdiction

Review of the Working Methods of the Court