European Convention on Human Rights
The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, better known as the European Convention on Human Rights, was opened for signature in Rome on 4 November 1950 and came into force in 1953. It was the first instrument to give effect to certain of the rights stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and make them binding.
Since its adoption in 1950 the Convention has been amended a number of times and supplemented with many rights in addition to those set forth in the original text.
Protocols to the Convention
Protocol No. 15
Protocol No. 15 amending the Convention introduces a reference to the principle of subsidiarity and the doctrine of the margin of appreciation. It also reduces from six to four months the time-limit within which an application may be made to the Court following the date of a final domestic decision.
It will enter into force as soon as all the States Parties to the Convention have signed and ratified it.
Protocol No. 15* (Italian version)
Opinion of the Court (February 2013)
Protocol No. 16
Protocol No. 16 to the Convention allows the highest courts and tribunals of a State Party to request the Court to give advisory opinions on questions of principle relating to the interpretation or application of the rights and freedoms defined in the Convention or the protocols thereto.
Protocol No. 16 came into force on 1 August 2018 in respect of the States which have signed and ratified it.
Opinion of the Court (May 2013)
Explanatory report * (Italian version)
The European Convention
*Translations into Italian were commissioned by the Italian Government. The translations into non-official languages come from various sources. Only the English and French versions are authentic.