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European Convention on Human Rights

Origins

On 4 November 1950 the "Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms", better known as the "European Convention on Human Rights" was signed at the Barberini Palate in Rome by member States of the Council of Europe. The picture shows Robert Schuman, Minister of Foreign Affairs for France, signing the Convention.

After 10 countries had ratified it, the Convention entered into force on 3 September 1953.

The Council of Europe has published the text as Convention no. 5 in the "Council of Europe Treaty Series" (CETS) and is searchable at the Treaty database.

Travaux préparatoires to the Convention

The "Travaux préparatoires" contain the various documents that were produced during the drafting of the Convention and its first Protocol. They contain reports of discussions in the Consultative Assembly and its Committee on Legal and Administrative Questions, as well as the Committee of Ministers and certain of its committees of experts.

The official version of the “Travaux préparatoires” are published in 8 volumes from 1975-1985 by Martinus Nijhoff in the Hague. The Registry’s internal working documents provide a full text access.

Official version

Collection_TravPrep8vols

Collected edition of the "Travaux préparatoires"

Original texts

The official original text dates from 1950. Since 1950 the Convention has been amended by further Protocols (P). Today, the text of the Convention contains the basic version as amended by Protocols 11 and 14, and 6 other protocols : the Additional Protocol (also called "Protocol No. 1") and Protocols Nos. 4, 6, 7, 12, and 13.

For the text of the latest edition in the 2 official languages, English and French, together with the non-official translations click here.

European Court of Human Rights

Courtroom

History

Until 1998 the two Convention bodies were :
• the European Commission of Human Rights, created on 18 May 1954, and empowered to decide on the admissibility of applications ("decisions") and to deliver "reports" (to encourage friendly settlements) in respect of applications found admissible; and
• the European Court of Human Rights, established on 21 January 1959, which, under certain conditions, could re-examine cases brought before the Commission and deliver "judgments".

On 1 November 1998, with the coming into force of Protocol No. 11 the system of the Court/Commission was abolished and replaced by a single Court to examine applications presented under the Convention and its Protocols.

Rules of Court

LibraryRulesOfCourt

The Rules of Court were adopted on 18 September 1959.

The Rules are in a permanent state of evolution, and since 1959 to present there have been many amendments.

Strasbourg's case-law can be found:

Case law - HUDOC (online)

HUDOC

HUDOC – is the official case law database of the Court. It contains nearly all decisions and judgments of the Court, and the decisions and reports of the Commission.

The “User Manual” explains how to carry out an effective search, and details the contents of the database. The video version is also available.

HUDOC is a full-text database which can be used free of charge.

Advanced search

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Case law - Court (paper)

From 1996 to date

Reports of judgments and decisions

The official reference source is “Reports of Judgments and Decisions = Recueil des arrêts et decisions”, published until 2012 by Carl Heymanns Verlag to vol. 2007-V. From 2013 produced by Wolf Legal Publishers (WLP) starting with vol. 2008-I.

Reports of Judgments and Decisions = Recueil des arrêts et décisions / European Court of Human Rights. - Oisterwijk : Wolf Legal Publishers. - Vol. 2008-I - .

•Citation : ECHR-2008-I

From 1960 to 1996

The judgments were published in "Série A : Arrêts et décisions = Series A : Judgments and Decisions", volume 1 (1960) to 338 (1996). This series was superseded by " Reports of Judgments and Decisions = Recueil des arrêts et décisions".

Série A : Arrêts et décisions = Series A : Judgments and Decisions / Conseil de l'Europe. Greffe de la Cour. - Köln ; Berlin ; Bonn ; München : Carl Heymanns Verlag. - Vol. 1-338

Citation : Series A no. 139

From 1960 to 1987

There also was another publication, "Série B : Mémoires, plaidoiries et documents = Series B : Pleadings, Oral Arguments and Documents", volume 1, 1960-1961 (1961) to 104, 1985-1988 (1995) containing the pleadings, oral arguments, etc., in cases brought before the Court.

Série B : Mémoires, plaidoiries et documents = Series B : Pleadings, Oral Arguments and Documents. - Köln ; Berlin ; Bonn ; München : Carl Heymanns Verlag. - Vol. 1-104

Citation : Series B no. 22, p. 6

Case law - Commission (paper)

From 1960 to 1974

The Commission published its decisions in 46 brochures making up the "Collection of Decisions of the European Commission on Human Rights = Recueil des décisions de la Commission européenne des Droits de l'Homme".

Collection of Decisions of the European Commission on Human Rights = Recueil des décisions de la Commission européenne des Droits de l'Homme / Council of Europe. European Commission on Human Rights. - Vol. 1-46

•Citation : Collection 14, p. 29-33

From 1975 to 1998

The decisions and reports of the Commission were published in "Decisions and Reports = Décisions et rapports", (94 instalments). Five indexes provide various possibilities of access, including by the number of the application.

Decisions and Reports = Décisions et rapports / Council of Europe. European Commission on Human Rights. - Vol. 1-94B

•Citation : DR 56, p. 126

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Latest Commentaries and Manuals on the Convention


Catalan

El Conveni europeu de drets humans, el Tribunal d'Estrasburg i la seva Jurisprudència / Josep Casadevall. - Barcelona : Bosch, 2007. - 398 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN: 978-84-7698-776-6 (pbk.)

342.7:06COUREDH % CAS

 

Chinese

人權之跨國性司法實踐 : 歐洲人權裁判研究(四)/ 顏厥安, 林鈺雄 ; 延斯•梅耶-拉德維奇 ... [et al.] = Judicial practice on transnational human rights : research on European precedents of human rights (Ⅳ) / Juean Yan, Yuxiong Lin [eds.] ; Jens Meyer-Ladewig ... [et al.].- 臺北 : 元照出版公司, 2012. 386 p. ; 22 cm. - ISBN: 9789860331257 (pbk.)
342.7:06CE % YAN

Chinese

奥维, 克莱尔 欧洲人权法原则与判例 / 克莱尔•奥维, 罗宾•怀特 = The European Convention on Human Rights / [this edition written by] Robin C.A. White and Clare Ovey. - 第三版. - 3rd ed. - 北京 : 北京大学出版社, 2006, 692 p. ; 24 cm. -
ISBN: 9787301097618 (pbk.)

342.7:06CE % JAC


Danish

Den Europaeiske Menneskerettighedskonvention : med kommentarer  / Peer Lorenzen ... [et al.]  -
3. udg. - Kobenhavn : Jurist- og Okonomforbundets Forlag, 2011, - 2 vols. (xxii, 1505 p.) ; 24 cm.
ISBN: 9788757412239 (hbk.)


342.7:06CE % LOR

 

Dutch

Handboek EVRM / Johan Vande Lanotte en Yves Haeck. - Antwerpen ; Oxford : Intersentia, 2005. - 3 vols. (xv, 949 p. ; xii, 1066 p. ; viii, 762 p.) ; 24 cm.
ISBN: 90-5095-266-6 (pbk. :vol. 1)
ISBN: 90-5095-356-5 (pbk :vols. 2, 1 ; 2, 2)

342.7:06CE % HAE

 

Dutch

Europees Verdrag voor de Rechten van de Mens  : rechtspraak & commentaar  = EVRM : R & C / J.H. Gerards ... [et al.]. - Lelystad : Koninklijke Vermande s.v., 1999- . – 2 vols (loose-leaf)

342.7:06CE % EVR


English

European Convention on Human Rights : commentary / by Christoph Grabenwarter. - München : C.H. Beck ; Oxford : Hart ; Baden-Baden : Nomos ; Basel : Helbing Lichtenhahn, 2014. - xix, 554 p. ; 25 cm. ISBN : 978340660321 (Beck) (hbk.)

342.7:06CE % GRA

English

Human rights practice / editors : Jessica Simor , Ben Emmerson ; contributors : Anna Austin, Stephen Philips, Karen Reid ... [et al.]. - London : Sweet and Maxwell, 2013- . - 1 vol. ; 25 cm. (loose-leaf)
ISBN: 0-421-62540-6

342.7:06CE % SIM

English

A practitioner's guide to the European Convention on Human Rights / by Karen Reid. – 4th ed. - London : Thomson/Sweet & Maxwell, 2012. - 915 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN: 9780414042421 (hbk.)

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English

Taking a case to the European Court of Human Rights / Philip Leach ; with a foreword by Sir Nicolas Bratza. – 3rd ed. - Oxford ; New York : Oxford Univ. Press, 2011 . - 619 p. ; 25 cm. -
ISBN: 9780199585021 (pbk.)

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English

The European Convention on Human Rights / Francis G. Jacobs, Robin C.A. White and Clare Ovey ; [this edition written by] Robin C.A. White and Clare Ovey. - 5th ed. - Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2010. - lxxii, 644 p. ; 25 cm.
ISBN: 9780199543380 (pbk.)

342.7:06CE % JAC

 

English

Law of the European Convention on Human Rights / D.J. Harris, M. O' Boyle, E.P. Bates, C.M. Buckley. - 2nd ed. - Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2009. -  li, 902 p. -
ISBN: 978-0-406-90594-9 (pbk.)

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English

European human rights law : text and materials / Mark W. Janis, Richard S. Kay, Anthony W. Bradley. - 3rd ed. - Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2008. - lvi, 957 p. ; 25 cm.
ISBN: 978-0-19-927746-9 (pbk.)

342.7:06CE % JAN

 

English

Theory and practice of the European Convention on Human Rights / editors Pieter van Dijk ... [et al.] ; authors Yutaka Arai ... [et al.]. - 4th ed. - Antwerpen ; Oxford : Intersentia, 2006. - xv, 1190 p. ; 25 cm.
ISBN: 90-5095-546-0 (hbk.)

342.7:06CE % VAN

 

Finnish

Ihmisoikeudet : käsikirja EIT:n oikeuskäytäntöön / Päivi Hirvelä, Satu Heikkilä. - Helsinki : Edita, 2013. - xxxvii, 934 p. ; 26 cm.
ISBN : 9789513763398 (hbk.)

342.7:06CE % HIR

Finnish

Euroopan ihmisoikeussopimus / Matti Pellonpää. - 4., uudistettu painos. - Helsinki : Talentum, 2005. - xviii, 647 p. ; 22 cm.
ISBN: 952-14-0820-0 (hbk.)

342.7:06CE % PEL

French

Droit européen des droits de l'homme = Traité de droit européen des droits de
l'homme / Jean-François Renucci. - 2e éd. - Paris : L.G.D.J., 2012. - xii, 1297 p. ; 25 cm.

ISBN: 9782275036557 (pbk.)

342.7:06CE % REN

French

Les grands arrêts de la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme / Frédéric Sudre ... [et al.]. - 6e éd. mise à jour. - Paris : Presses Universitaires de France (PUF), 2011. - xiv, 902p. ; 22 cm.
ISBN: 9782130582267 (pbk.)

342.7:06COUREDH % SUD

 

French

Jurisprudence de la Cour européenne des Droits de l'Homme / Vincent Berger ; préfaces par Louis-Edmond Pettiti. - 13e éd. - Paris : Sirey, 2014. - xiv, 953 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN: 978-2-247-13082-5 (pbk.)

342.7:06COUREDH % BER

French

Code de la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme / Jean-Loup Charrier. - Ed. 2005. - Paris : LexisNexis : Litec, 2005. - xv, 429 p. ; 25 cm.
ISBN: 2-7110-0378-7 (pbk.)

342.7:06CE % CHA

 

French

Compendium de la CEDH : les principes directeurs de la jurisprudence relative à la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme : vol.1, jurisprudence 1960 à 2002 / Michele de Salvia. - Kehl ; Strasbourg ; Arlington, Va : Engel, 2003. - xiii, 863 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN: 3883571288 (hbk.)
342.7:06COUREDH % SAL

 

French

La Convention européenne des droits de l'homme : commentaire article par article / sous la dir. de Louis-Edmond Pettiti, E. Decaux, Pierre-Henri Imbert ; préf. de Pierre-Henri Teitgen. - 2e éd. -  Paris : Economica, 1999. - xlv, 1230 p. ; 25 cm. -
ISBN: 2-7178-3876-7 (pbk.)

342.7:06CE % PET

 

German

Europäische Menschenrechtskonvention : ein Studienbuch/ von Christoph Grabenwarter. - 5. Aufl. - München : Beck ; Basel : Helbing Lichtenhahn ; Wien : Manz, 2012. - xxv, 552 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN: 9783406627644 (C.H. Beck) (pbk.)

342.7:06CE % GRA

 

German

Europäische Menschenrechtskonvention : Handkommentar / Jens Meyer-Ladewig. - 3. Aufl. - Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2011. - 574 p. ; 21 cm.
ISBN: 9783832962104 (Nomos) (hbk.)

342.7:06CE % MEY

 

German

Internationaler Kommentar zur Europäischen Menschenrechtskonvention : mit einschlägigen Texten und Dokumenten / hrsg. von Katharina Pabel und Stefanie Schmahl. – (W. Karl editor until delivery no. 13 (2010). - Köln ; Berlin ; München : Carl Heymanns, 1986- : 4 vols. ; 25 cm. (loose-leaf). - ISBN: 9783452199355 (hbk.)
342.7:06CE % KAR

 

German

Europäische Menschenrechtskonvention : EMRK-Kommentar / Jochen Abr. Frowein und Wolfgang Peukert. - 3., vollst. neu bearb. Aufl. - Kehl am Rhein : Engel, 2009. - xiv, 770 p. ; 23 cm.
ISBN: 978-3-88357-145-4 (hbk.)

342.7:06CE % FRO

 

German

Handbuch der Europäischen Menschenrechtskonvention (EMRK) : unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der schweizer. Rechtslage /von Mark E. Villiger. - 2., vollst. neu bearb. Aufl. - Zürich : Schulthess, 1999. - l, 520 p. ; 25 cm. -
ISBN: 3-7255 3942-1 (hbk.)

342.7 : 06CE % VIL

 

Greek

Ευρωπαϊκή Σύμβαση Δικαιωμάτων του Ανθρώπου : Ερμηνεία κατ’ άρθρο : Δικαιώματα, Παραδεκτό, Δίκαιη ικανοποίηση, Εκτέλεση / Διεύθυνση έκδοσης Λίνος-Αλέξανδρος Σισιλιάνος ; Πρόλογος Χρήστος Λ. Ροζάκης. - Αθήνα : Νομική Βιβλιοθήκη, 2013. – xxxv, 817 p. ; 25 cm. – ISBN 9789605621261 (hbk.)
342.7:06CE % SIC

Icelandic

Mannréttindasáttmáli Evrópu : meginreglur, framkvaemd og áhrif á íslenskan rétt / ritstjórn B. Thorarensen, D. Þ. Björgvinsson, G. Gauksdóttir, H.B. Hákonardóttir. - Reykjavík : Mannréttindastofnun Háskóla Íslands : Lagadeild Háskólans í Reykjavík, 2005. - 717 p. ; 24 cm. -
ISBN: 9979-54-674-3 (hbk.)
342.7:06CE % THO

 

Italian

La Convenzione europea dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali / a cura di Claudio Defilippi, Debora Bosi, Rachel Harvey. - Napoli : Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, 2006. - 884 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN: 88-495-0879-4 (pbk.)

342.7:06CE % DEF

 

Italian

Commentario alla Convenzione europea per la tutela dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali / Sergio Bartole, Benedetto Conforti, Guido Raimondi. - Padova : Cedam, 2001. - xxxvi, 1011 p. ; 25 cm.
ISBN: 788-13-23105-9 (hbk.)

342.7:06CE % BAR

 

Japanese

ヨーロッパ人権裁判所の判例 / 戸波江二 ...[ほか](編)= Essential cases of the European Court of Human Rights / editors Koji Tonami ... [et al.] (eds.)
東京 : 信山社, 2008. - xl, 558 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
ISBN: 9784797255454 (pbk.)

342.7:06COUREDH % TON

Moldavian

Codul Convenţiei Europene a Drepturilor Omului / Jean-Loup Charrier, Andrei Chiriac ; trad. din lb. fr. Andrei Chiriac. - Chisinau : "Balacron" SRL ; Paris : LexisNexis Litec, 2008. - 723 p.
ISBN: 978-9975-100-40-3 (hbk.)

342.7:06CE % CHA

 

Polish

Wokół Konwencji Europejskiej : komentarz do Europejskiej Konwencji Praw Człowieka / Marek Antoni Nowicki. - 6. wyd. - Warszawa : Wolters Kluwer Polska, 2013. - 1193 p. ; 22 cm.
ISBN: 978-83-264-4109-7 (hbk.)
342.7:06CE % NOW

 

Polish

Konwencja o Ochronie Praw Człowieka i Podstwowych Wolności : komentarz do artykułów 1 - 18 (T.1) ; 19-59 (T. 2)/ redaktor Leszek Garlicki ; autorzy L. Garlicki, P. Hofmanski, A. Wrobel. - Warszawa : C.H. Beck, 2010-2011. – 2 vols. ; 23 cm. -
ISBN: 9788325513375 (vol.1) (hbk.)  ; 9788325517144 (vol.2) (hbk.)
342.7:06CE % GAR

Portuguese

A Convenção Europeia dos Direitos do Homem : anotada / Ireneu Cabral Barreto. - 4a ed. rev. e actual. - Coimbra : Wolters Kluwer Portugal : Coimbra Editora, 2010. - 656 p. ; 21 cm.
ISBN: 9789723218855 (pbk.)

342.7:06CE % CAB

 

Romanian

Convenţia europeană a drepturilor omului : comentariu pe articole / Corneliu Bîrsan. - Ed. a 2-a, rev. - Bucureşti : C.H. Beck, 2010. - xx, 1887 p. ; 22 cm.
ISBN: 9789731156767  (hbk.)

342.7:06CE % BIR 

 

Russian

Обращение в Европейский суд по правам человека : учебное пособие / [под общ. ред. Филипа Лича ; перевод на русский Татьяны Томаевой]. - Москва : Мемориал, 2006
475 p. ; 22 cm.
ISBN: 5902962021 (hbk.)
342.7:06COUREDH % LEA

 

Russian

Стандарты Европейского суда по правам человека и российская правоприменительная практика : сборние аналитических статей / под ред. М. Р. Воскобитовой. - Москва : Анахарсис, 2005,  528 p. ; 22 cm.
ISBN: 5901352505 (hbk.)

342.7:06COUREDH % VOS

 

Slovak

Komentár k vybraným článkom Dohovoru o ochrane l'udských práv a základných slobôd / Marica Pirošíková. - Bratislava : EUROIURIS, 2007. - 570 p. ; 21 cm.
ISBN 978-80-969554-5-9 (pbk.)

342.7:06CE % PIR

 

Slovak

Ochrana l'udských práv : z pohl'adu judikatúry a doktríny štrasburských orgánov ochrany práv / Ján Svák. - 2. rozšir. vyd. - Žilina : Poradca podnikatel'a, 2006. - 1116 p. ; 24 cm. - ISBN 80-88931-51-7 (hbk.)

342.7:06CE % SVA

 

Spanish

El Convenio Europeo de Derechos Humanos, el Tribunal de Estrasburgo y su jurisprudencia  / Casadevall, Josep . - Valencia : Tirant lo Blanch, 2012, 558 p. - ISBN: 9788490046883 (hbk.)

342.7:06COUREDH % CAS

Spanish

Convenio europeo de derechos humanos : comentario sistemático / Lasagabaster Herrarte, Iñaki (ed.). - 2a ed. - Cizur Menor : Aranzadi : Civitas/Thomson Reuters, 2009. - 949 p. ; 25 cm.
ISBN : 9788447032174 (hbk.)

342.7:06CE % LAS

Spanish

La Europa de los derechos : el Convenio Europeo de Derechos Humanos / García Roca, Javier (ed.). - Madrid : Centro de Estudios Politicos y Constitucionales, 2005. – 940 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN : 84-259-1299-7

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Swedish

Mänskliga rättigheter i europeisk praxis : en kommentar till Europakonventionen om de mänskliga rättigheterna / Hans Danelius. - 3. uppl. - Stockholm : Norstedts juridik, 2007. - 590 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN: 978-91-39-10879-5 (pbk.)

342.7:06CE % DAN  

Periodicals

The Library of the Court holds a rich collection of periodicals covering human rights law and public international law.

The complete list of the Library's periodical collection comprises subscription and non-subscription titles, as well as current and defunct titles.

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