Composition of the Court

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The judges are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe from lists of three candidates proposed by each State. They are elected for a non-renewable term of nine years.
Although judges are elected in respect of a State, they hear cases as individuals and do not represent that State. They are totally independent and cannot engage in any activity that would be incompatible with their duty of independence and impartiality.

More information

Judges of the Court

In order of precedence as at 01.11.2014

First name
Surname
Country
Precedence
Ganna Yudkivska Ukraine Judge
Born on 5 July 1973 in Kyiv, Ukraine

  • Human Rights Expert in Kyiv, 1994-2005
  • Master’s degree in law, Faculty of Law of Kyiv National University, 2003
  • Member of the Ukrainian Bar, 2003
  • Legal adviser, lawyer in Kyiv, 2000-2005
  • Lawyer in the Registry of the European Court of Human Rights, 2005-2009
  • Master 2 in Law and European Studies, specialised in human Rights in Europe, Faculty of Law of Strasbourg, 2007
  • Doctor of Philosophy in law, Academy of Advocacy of Ukraine, 2008
  • Lecturer in human rights law, Centre for International Protection, Strasbourg, 2008-2010
  • Adviser to the Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe, 2009-2010
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 15 June 2010.
Helen Keller Switzerland Judge
Born on 1 June 1964 in Zurich, Switzerland

  • Doctorate in environmental law, University of Zurich, 1993
  • Master of European Law (LL.M.), College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium, 1994
  • Research Fellow at Harvard University Law School, United States of America, 1995
  • Research Fellow at the European University Institute of Florence, Italy, 1996
  • Member of the American Society of International Law since 1996
  • Legal Counsel in a law firm in Switzerland, 1996-2011
  • Visiting researcher at the Max-Planck Institute for International Law of Heidelberg, Germany, 2000
  • Professor of International Law, Constitutional Law and European Law at the University of Lucerne, 2001-2004
  • Professor of International Law, Constitutional Law and European Law at the University of Zurich, 2004-2011
  • Board Member of the International Law Commission, Swiss Section, 2008-2011
  • Member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC), 2008-2011
  • Visiting Scholar at the Centre for Advanced Studies in Oslo, Norway, 2010
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 4 October 2011.
Josep Casadevall Andorra Vice-President
Born 10 September 1946 in Girona

  • Law degree, Madrid, 1978
  • Secretary General of the Municipality of Andorra la Vella, 1970-80
  • Lawyer practising in Andorra, 1980
  • Secretary General of the Andorra Bar Association, 1984-92
  • President of the Bar Association, 1993-95
  • Professor at the Faculty of Law of the Spanish National Open University, 1985-98
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights, 1996-1998
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 November 1998
  • President of Section since 1 February 2008
  • Vice-President of the Court since 4 November 2011.
Dean Spielmann Luxembourg President


Born on 26 October 1962 in Luxembourg,
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg


  • Bachelor’s law degree, Catholic University of Louvain, 1988
  • Master of Laws, Cambridge University, 1990
  • Member of Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge since 1989
  • Barrister, member of the Luxembourg Bar, 1989-2004
  • Senior Barrister, 1992-2004
  • Partner in a law firm in Luxembourg, 2001-2004
  • Assistant lecturer in criminal law at Louvain University, 1991-1997
  • Lecturer and holder of various courses at the Universities of Luxembourg, 1996-2004 and Nancy, 1997-2008
  • Member of the Advisory Human Rights Commission, Luxembourg, 2000-2004
  • Member of the European Union Network of Independent Experts in Fundamental Rights, 2002-2004
  • Member of the Institut Grand-Ducal, associate 2002-2005, full member since 2005
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 24 June 2004
  • President of Section from 1 February 2011 to 31 October 2012
  • Vice-President of the Court from 13 September 2012 to 31 October 2012
  • President of the Court since 1 November 2012.
Boštjan Zupančič Slovenia Judge
Born on 13 May 1947 in Ljubljana

  • Dipl. Jur. Degree, Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana, 1970
  • University of Montreal, School of Criminology, 1971-72
  • Master of Law (LL.M.), Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1974
  • Scientiae Juris Doctor (S.J.D.), Harvard Law School, 1981
  • Assistant Professor of Law, University of Ljubljana (1970-76) and New York Law School (1977-79)
  • Associate Professor, University of Iowa, Law School, 1980 and Fordham University, Law School, 1981
  • Distinguished Visiting Professor, 1981 and full Professor of Law, Seton Hall University, Law School, 1986
  • Full Professor of Law, Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana, since 1988
  • First Vice-President (for academic affairs), University of Ljubljana, 1989-92
  • Judge at the Constitutional Court of Slovenia, 1993-98
  • Member and Vice-Chair of the United Nations Committee against Torture (Geneva), 1995-98
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 November 1998
  • President of Section from 1 November 2004 to 31 January 2008.
Elisabeth Steiner Austria Judge
Born on 21 March 1956 in Vienna

  • Doctor in law (1981) and Doctor in business administration (1985)
  • Member of the Bar; 1987
  • Private legal practice in Vienna since 1988
  • Member of the expert committee on labour law of the Vienna Chamber of Attorneys and of various international lawyers’ associations
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 November 2001
  • Vice-President of Section since 6 November 2012.

Khanlar Hajiyev Azerbaijan Judge
Born on 9 September 1956 in Ganja, Azerbaijan

  • Law studies at the State University of Baku, 1973-78
  • Post-graduate course, State University of Moscow, 1978-83
  • Judge and Vice-President of the Supreme Court of Azerbaijan, 1990-1992
  • President of the Supreme Court, Azerbaijan, 1993-1998
  • Doctor of Law, 2001
  • President of the Constitutional Court, Azerbaijan, 1998-2003
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 2 April 2003.
Ján Šikuta Slovak Republic Judge
Born on 25 October 1960 in Bratislava

  • Law Studies at the University of Comenius, 1979-84
  • Elected Judge by the Slovakian Parliament, 1985
  • Judge of the First Instance Court, 1986-89
  • Judge of the Appeal Court of Bratislava, 1990-94
  • Legal Officer in the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 1994-2004
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 November 2004.
Dragoljub Popović Serbia Judge
Born on 25 July 1951 in Belgrade

  • Law Studies at the University of Belgrade, 1970-74
  • Master of Laws at the University of Belgrade, 1974-76
  • Lawyer in two commercial enterprises, 1976-80
  • Doctor of Law, University of Belgrade, 1984
  • Third cycle degree in Comparative Law at the International Faculty of Comparative Law, Brussels, 1985
  • Lecturer (Professor, 1995) of Legal and Constitutional History and Comparative Law,
  • Belgrade University, 1980-98
  • Attorney at Law in a legal office, Belgrade, 1998-2000
  • Visiting Professor at the Institute of Federalism of the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, 2001
  • Ambassador of Serbia and Montenegro to Switzerland, 2001-04
  • Professor of Constitutional Law and Comparative Law at the Business Law School of Belgrade 2004-05
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 26 January 2005.
Ineta Ziemele Latvia Section President
Born on 12 February 1970 in Jelgava, Latvia

  • Law studies, Faculty of Law, University of Latvia, 1988-93
  • Master of International Law, Raoul Wallenberg Institute and University of Lund, Sweden 1993-94
  • Doctor of Law, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, 1995-99
  • Adviser to the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Parliament of Latvia, 1992-95
  • Adviser to the Prime Minister of Latvia, 1995
  • Founding Director of the Institute on Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Latvia, 1995-99
  • Lecturer in International and European Law, University of Latvia, 1995-99
  • Programme Adviser, Directorate General of Human Rights, Council of Europe, 1999-2001
  • Founder and Editor-in-Chief of the Baltic Yearbook of International Law, 2001-05
  • Söderberg Professor of International Law and Human Rights, Riga Graduate School of Law, Latvia and visiting Professor at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute, Faculty of Law, Lund University, Sweden, 2001-05
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 27 April 2005.
  • President of Section since 13 September 2012.
Mark Villiger Liechtenstein Section President
Born on 17 May 1950 in Louis Trichardt, South Africa

  • Law degree, University of Zurich, 1976
  • Doctor of Law, University of Zurich, 1978
  • Assistant at the University of Zurich, 1978-1981
  • Bye-Fellow, Robinson College/University of Cambridge, 1981-1983
  • Assistant Professor (Privatdozent), 1985 and Professor of Law, 1992 at the University of Zurich
  • Legal Administrator in the Secretariat of the European Commission of Human Rights, 1983-1991
  • Head of Division in the Secretariat of the European Commission of Human Rights, 1991-1998
  • Head of Division in the Registry of the European Court of Human Rights, 1998-2002
  • Deputy Registrar of the 3rd Section of the European Court of Human Rights, 2002-2006
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 September 2006.
  • President of Section since 1 November 2012.
Isabelle Berro-Lefèvre Monaco Section President
Born on 24 October 1965 in Monaco

  • Law Studies at the University of Nice, 1984-1987
  • Justice Auditor in the Ecole Nationale de la Magistrature, Paris, 1987-1989
  • Judge at the Court of First Instance of the Principality of Monaco, 1990
  • First Judge at the Court of First Instance of the Principality of Monaco, 2000
  • Member of the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE)
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 27 June 2006
  • Promoted to the highest judicial grade, 1 October 2010.
  • President of Section since 1 November 2012.
Päivi Hirvelä Finland Judge
Born on 10 December 1954 in Rovaniemi, Finland

  • Master of Laws, University of Helsinki, 1980
  • Licentiate of Laws, University of Helsinki, 1997
  • Doctor of Law, University of Helsinki, 2007
  • Court training, District Court of Lapland, 1980-1981
  • Career as Referendary, Judge and Prosecutor in the Finnish judicial system, 1982-2006
  • Legal Aid Counsel, 1981-1982
  • Researcher, University of Helsinki, 1996-1997
  • Lawyer, Registry of the European Court of Human Rights, 2001
  • Member of several working groups set up by various Ministries and other State services, 1999-2006
  • Lecturer in the field of criminal procedure
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 January 2007
  • Vice-President of Section since 1 November 2013.

George Nicolaou Cyprus Judge
Born on 16 September 1945 in Larnaca, Cyprus

  • Law studies in London, 1965-1968
  • Barrister-at-Law, member of Lincoln’s Inn of London, 1968
  • Advocate before Courts in Cyprus, 1973-1978
  • Member of a Ministry of Justice Committee, 1976-1980
  • Senior District Judge, 1988-1989
  • President District Court, 1989-1995
  • Judge of the Supreme Court of Cyprus, 1995-2007
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 February 2008.
Luis López Guerra Spain Judge
Born on 15 November 1947 in Leon, Spain

  • B.A. in Law, University of Madrid, 1969
  • Master in Political Science, Michigan State University, 1975
  • Doctor of Law, University of Madrid, 1975
  • Assistant Professor of Constitutional Law, University of Madrid, 1975-1978
  • Professor of Constitutional Law, University of Extremadura (Cáceres), 1978-1995
  • Clerk at the Constitutional Court of Spain, 1982-1986
  • Judge of the Constitutional Court of Spain, 1986-1995
  • Alternative Representative and Legal Expert for the Venice Commission, 1995-2003
  • Professor of Constitutional Law, Universidad Carlos III (Madrid), 1995-2008
  • Vice-President of the General Council of the Judiciary, 1996-2001
  • Director of the Institute of Comparative Public Law, Universidad Carlos III, 2001-2003
  • Secretary of State for Justice, Ministry of Justice of Spain, 2004-2007
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 February 2008.
  • Vice-President of Section since 1 November 2014.
András Sajó Hungary Judge
Born on 25 March 1949 in Budapest, Hungary

  • Law degree at the ELTE Law School of Budapest, 1972
  • Various research fellow positions at the Institute for State and Law, Hungarian Academy of Sciences since 1972
  • PhD and Habilitation at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1977 and 1982
  • Founder and spokesperson of the Hungarian League for the Abolition of the Death Penalty, Budapest, 1988-1994
  • Legal Counsellor to the President of Hungary, 1991-1992
  • Chair of Comparative Constitutional Law, University Professor, Central European University (Budapest), 1993-2007
  • Member, American Law Institute, 1996
  • Member, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1997
  • Recurrent Visiting Professor, Cardozo School of Law, New York, since 1990; Global Faculty, New York University Law School, since 1996
  • Board of Directors of the Open Society Justice Initiative of New York, 2001-2007
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 February 2008.
Mirjana Lazarova Trajkovska "The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" Judge
Born on 5 November 1963 in Strumica

  • Law studies, Faculty of Laws, Ss Cyril and Methodius, University of Skopje, 1982-1986
  • Bar exam, Ministry of Justice, Skopje, 1992
  • Master of law (LL.M.), Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, 2007
  • Doctor of law, Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana, 2012
  • Legal Representative of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Court proceedings, 1988
  • Member of working groups and Commissions set up by various Ministries and other State services, 1991-2003
  • Assistant Minister for Interior, heading the Department for administrative procedures, 1995-2001
  • Member of the Committee of experts on nationality at the Council of Europe, 1995-2004
  • Head of Department on Human Rights at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2001-2003
  • Member of the Steering Committee for Human Rights at the Council of Europe (CDDH), 2001-2003
  • President of State Election Commission, 2002-2003
  • Judge of the Constitutional Court, 2003-2008
  • Member of the Venice Commission, 2004-2008
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 February 2008.


Ledi Bianku Albania Judge
Born on 22 February 1971 in Shkodër, Albania

  • Law degree, Faculty of Law at the University of Tirana, 1989-1993
  • Law studies, Faculty of Law at the University of Trento, Italy, 1992-1993
  • Legal practice in Tirana, 1994-1998 and 1999-2006
  • Lecturer in Law (Public International Law, European Human Rights Law and European Union Law) at the University of Tirana, 1995-2007 and at the Albanian School of Magistrates, 1997-2007
  • LL.M in European Law Studies at the College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium, 1996-1997
  • Office of the OSCE Legal Counsellor in Albania, 1998-1999
  • Founder and Executive Director of the European Centre in Tirana, 1999-2006
  • Advisor ad personam to the President of the Republic, to the President of the Parliament and to Ministers of Justice and of European Affairs, 2000-2007
  • Chairman of the National Broadcasting Authority, 2006-2007
  • Member of the Venice Commission, 2006-2007
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 February 2008.
Nona Tsotsoria Georgia Judge
Born on 13 April 1973 in Batumi, Georgia

  • MA in Law, Faculty of Law at the Tbilisi State University, 1990-1996
  • Assistant to Judge at the Constitutional Court, 1996-1999
  • Attorney, Tbilisi, 1999-2000
  • Teacher of Law, Tbilisi State University, 1999-2004
  • Legal Advisor, then Head of the Rule of Law Project, 2000-2004
  • Deputy Prosecutor General at the Prosecutor’s Office, 2004-2007
  • MA in Public Administration, University of Pennsylvania, USA, 2006-2007
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 February 2008.
Zdravka Kalaydjieva Bulgaria Judge
Born on 29 September 1951 in Sofia, Bulgaria

  • Master in Law, Faculty of Law of the University of Sofia, 1970-1975
  • Lawyer, member of the Sofia Bar Association, 1980
  • Founder, Board Member and Project Coordinator, Bulgarian Lawyers for Human Rights, since 1993
  • Teacher, researcher in the domain of legal protection of human rights, since 1993
  • Judicial Officer and Regional Coordinator, UN Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina for the Judicial System Assessment Programme, 1999-2000
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 May 2008.
Işıl Karakaş Turkey Judge
Born on 8 December 1958 in Istanbul, Turkey

  • Faculty of Political Science, Istanbul University, 1983
  • Faculty of Law, Marmara University, 1990
  • Master’s degree Public Law, Istanbul University, 1986
  • Master’s degree in European Law, “Centre européen universitaire”, Nancy II University, 1988
  • Doctor of Public Law, Istanbul University, 1992
  • European University Institute, Florence, 1990
  • Professor of International Law, Faculty of Law, Galatasaray University, 2003-2008
  • Director of the Research and Documentation Centre on Europe, Galatasaray University, 2002-2008
  • Head of Department of Public International Law, Faculty of Law, Galatasaray University, 2003-2008
  • Visiting Professor, Universities: Aix-Marseille III, Reims, Montpellier II, Strasbourg Robert Schuman
  • Vice-Dean, Faculty of Law, Galatasaray University, 2004-2008
  • Judge at the European Court of Human Rights since 1 May 2008
  • Vice-President of Section since 1 November 2013.
Nebojša Vučinić Montenegro Judge
Born on 17 October 1953 in Banski stanovi, Cetinje, Montenegro

  • Bachelor of Arts, Faculty of Law of Titograd (recently Podgorica), 1976
  • Reseach assistant, Assistant professor, Full time professor, Podgorica Law Faculty, 1976-2008
  • PhD in International Public Law and International Relations, Belgrade Law Faculty, Belgrade University, 1986
  • Member of various Expert Groups for International Legal and Political Issues, 1993-2008
  • Director of the University of Montenegro, Law Faculty Human Rights Center, 2000-2008
  • Serbia and Montenegro representative in Steering Committee for Human Rights, Council of Europe, 2004-2006
  • Member of Judicial Council of Montenegro, 2003-2007
  • Head of Department in International law and International Relations, University of Montenegro, 1994-2008
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 15 April 2008.
Kristina Pardalos San Marino Judge
Born on 14 October 1973 in New York, United States of America

  • Law Degree, University of Bologna, 1999
  • Training in law firm, 1999-2002
  • Member of the San Marino Bar, 2002
  • Member of the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance, 2004-2009
  • Member of the Parliamentary Equal Opportunities Commission, 2009
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 23 June 2009.
Guido Raimondi Italy Vice-President
Born on 22 October 1953 in Naples, Italy

  • Master’s degree in law, University of Naples, 1975
  • Assistant lecturer to the first chair of International Law in the Law Faculty of Naples, 1976-1977
  • Judge, 1977-1986
  • Seconded to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Diplomatic Legal Service, 1986-1989
  • Co-Agent for the Italian Government before the European Court and Commission of Human Rights, 1989-1997
  • Member of the Appeals Board of the Western European Union in London, 1991-1992
  • Member of various Council of Europe Steering Committees and Committees of Experts, in particular the Bureau of the Steering Committee for Human Rights, chaired 1999-2000
  • Advocate General at the Court of Cassation, 1997-2002
  • Member of the Italian Inter-ministerial Committee for Human Rights (1998-2003)
  • Full member of the Appeals Board of the Western European Union in Brussels, 1998-2000
  • Ad hoc judge of the European Court of Human Rights, 2001-2003
  • Judge of the Court of Cassation, 2002-2003
  • Deputy Legal Adviser to the International Labour Office (ILO) in Geneva, 2003-2007
  • Legal Adviser and Director of the Office of Legal Services of the ILO, 2008-2010
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 5 May 2010.
  • Vice-President of the Court and President of Section since 1 November 2012.
Vincent A. De Gaetano Malta Judge
Born on 17 August 1952 in Sliema, Malta

  • Diploma of Notary Public, Royal University of Malta, 1974
  • Doctor of Laws, Royal University of Malta, 1975
  • Member of the Malta Bar, 1976
  • Diploma in Criminology, University of Cambridge, 1977
  • Senior Counsel for the Republic in the Attorney-General’s Office, Malta, 1979
  • Member of the ad hoc Committee of Experts on the Legal Aspects of Territorial Asylum, Refugees and Stateless Persons of the Council of Europe, 1988-1994
  • Malta’s representative on the Steering Committee on Legal Co-operation of the Council of Europe as from 1988, Vice-Chairman then Chairman, 1988-2000
  • Assistant Attorney-General, 1988 then Deputy Attorney-General, 1989-1994
  • Senior Lecturer in Criminal Law and Law of Criminal Procedure, University of Malta, 1994
  • Judge of the Superior Courts of Malta, 1994
  • Chairman of the Multidisciplinary Group on Corruption of the Council of Europe, 1995-1997
  • Chief Justice and President of the Constitutional Court, of the Court of Appeal and of the Court of Criminal Appeal of Malta, 2002-2010
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 20 September 2010.
Angelika Nußberger Germany Judge
Born on 1 June 1963 in Munich, Germany

  • Studies in Slavic languages and literature, 1982-1987; studies in law, University of Munich, 1984-1989
  • Magister Artium in Slavic languages and literature, University of Munich, 1987
  • Diploma in comparative law, University of Strasbourg, 1988
  • First and Second State exam in law, Universities of Munich and Heidelberg, 1989 and 1993
  • Doctor of Law, University of Würzburg, 1993
  • Research fellow at the Max-Planck-Institute for Foreign and International Social Law, Munich, 1993-2001
  • Visiting researcher Harvard University, 1994-1995
  • Legal advisor of the General Directorate Social Cohesion of the Council of Europe, 2001-2002
  • Full professor of law and Director of the Institute for Eastern European Law, University of Cologne, 2002-2010
  • Member of the Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations of the International Labour Organisation, 2004-2010
  • Substitute Member of the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe, 2006-2010
  • Vice-President of the University of Cologne, 2010
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 January 2011
  • Vice-President of Section since 13 November 2012.

Julia Laffranque Estonia Judge
Born on 25 July 1974 in Tartu, Estonia

  • Studies in law, University of Hamburg, Germany, 1994-1995
  • EU law expert, Ministry of Justice of Estonia, 1996-1999
  • Traineeship at the European Commission’s Legal Service, 1997
  • B.A. in law, University of Tartu, 1997
  • LL.M. in law, University of Münster, Germany, 1998
  • Lecturer in European law, Law Institute of Tallinn, later University of Tartu 1999-2006
  • Head of EU law Division, then EU Law and Foreign Relations Division, Ministry of Justice of Estonia, 1999-2002
  • Member of the board of the Centre for Policy Studies (PRAXIS), 2000-2004
  • Deputy Secretary General on Legislative Drafting, Ministry of Justice of Estonia, 2002-2004
  • Studies in law, European University Institute of Florence, Italy, 2002
  • Doctor iuris of law, University of Tartu, 2003
  • Justice at the Supreme Court of Estonia (member of administrative law and constitutional law chambers), 2004-2010
  • Member of the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE) of the Council of Europe, since 2004, Vice-President then President, 2006-2010
  • Traineeship at Federal Administrative Court of Germany, 2005
  • Judge ad hoc at the European Court of Human Rights, 2006
  • Associated professor and consequently Professor of European law, University of Tartu, 2006-2011
  • Traineeship at the Council of State, France, 2007
  • Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, since 2010
  • President of Estonian Association for European Law since 2004, President of International Federation for European Law (FIDE), 2010
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 4 January 2011.
  • Elected “2013 European of the Year” in Estonia by the European Movement Estonia, 2013.
Paulo Pinto de Albuquerque Portugal Judge
Born on 5 October 1966 in Beira, Mozambique

  • Law Degree, Faculty of Law, State University of Lisbon, 1989
  • Member of the Portuguese Bar
  • Judge in the Criminal Court and the Correctional Court of Lisbon and President of the Courts of Nelas, Lagos and the Criminal Instruction Court of Lisbon, 1992-2004
  • Master of Law, Faculty of Law, Catholic University of Lisbon, 1994
  • Doctorate of Law, Faculty of Law, Catholic University of Lisbon, 2003
  • Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Catholic University of Lisbon, 2004-2008
  • Member of the Ministry of Justice Taskforce for Penal Reform of the Portugal, 2005-2007
  • Invited Professor on criminal law and procedure at the High Military Studies Institute of the Ministry of Defence of Portugal, since 2007
  • Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, Catholic University of Lisbon, 2008-2010
  • Associate Professor with tenure, Faculty of Law, Catholic University of Lisbon, since 2011
  • Visiting Professor, Illinois College of Law, United States of America, 2006-2007
  • Visiting Professor, Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China, 2006
  • Adjunct Professor, Illinois College of Law, United States of America, since 2009
  • Expert of the GRECO appointed by the Council of Europe, 2009-2010
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 April 2011.
Linos-Alexandre Sicilianos Greece Judge
Born on 9 May 1960 in Athens, Greece

  • Law degree, University of Athens, 1983
  • Masters degree in International Law, University Robert Schuman of Strasbourg, 1984
  • Doctor of Law, University Robert Schuman of Strasbourg, 1990
  • Lawyer before the Supreme Civil and Criminal Court and the Supreme Administrative Court (on leave)
  • Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Athens
  • Member (1997-2009) and Chairman (2003-2004) of the Committee of experts of the Council of Europe for the Improvement of Procedures for the Protection of Human Rights (DH-PR)
  • Member (2002-2009), Vice-Chairman (2004-2005) and Rapporteur (2008-2009) of the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD)
  • Member since 2000, then Vice-Chairman of the Greek National Commission for Human Rights, 2006-2011
  • Member of the European Union Network of independent experts in the field of fundamental rights, 2002-2006
  • Member of the Management Board since 2007 and member of the Executive Board of the Fundamental Rights Agency of the European Union, 2009-2011
  • Member of the Curatorium of the Hague Academy of International Law, since 2010
  • Member of the Scientific Board of the Revue trimestrielle des droits de l’homme and of the European Journal of International Law
  • Member of the Administrative Board of the European Society of International Law
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 18 May 2011.
Erik Møse Norway Judge
Born on 9 October 1950 in Oslo, Norway

  • Law degree, University of Oslo, 1976
  • Counsellor since 1977, then Head of Division, Ministry of Justice, 1981-1986
  • Participated in the drafting process of Protocols No. 6 to No. 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights, 1977-1994
  • Part-time lecturer in human rights, University of Oslo, 1981-2003
  • Chairman, Committee of Experts for the drafting of the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 1984-1985
  • Deputy Judge, Eiker, Modum and Sigdal, 1985-1986
  • Agent of the Government before the European Commission and the European Court of Human Rights, until 1993
  • Advocate, Attorney General’s Office (Civil Affairs) since 1986, Supreme Court Barrister, 1989-1993
  • Chairman, Steering Committee for Human Rights, Council of Europe, 1993-1994
  • Judge, Borgarting Court of Appeals, Oslo, 1993-1999
  • Fellow at the Human Rights Institute, University of Essex (UK), since 1995; honorary doctor, 2007
  • Member of the Board of the Norwegian Institute of Human Rights, 1995-1999
  • Judge (1999-2009), Vice-President (1999-2003), President (2003-2007), International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)
  • Member of the UN Secretary-General’s Selection Panel for the appointment of judges of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, since 2007
  • Justice, Supreme Court of Norway, 2009-2011
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 September 2011.
André Potocki France Judge
Born on 21 June 1950 in Lyon, France

  • Law degree at the University of Paris II, graduate of the Institute of Judicial Studies, 1973
  • Ecole Nationale de la Magistrature in Bordeaux, 1975
  • Deputy Secretary General to the first President of the Paris Appeal Court, 1979
  • Vice-President of the Senlis Regional Court, 1982
  • Secretary General to the President of the Paris Regional Court, 1984
  • Secretary General to the First President of the Paris Appeal Court, 1985
  • Secretary General to the First President of the Court of Cassation, 1988
  • Vice-President of the Paris Regional Court, 1990
  • Head of the Department of European and International Affairs in the Ministry of Justice, 1991-1994
  • Judge at the Paris Appeal Court, 1994
  • Associate professor at the University of Paris X-Nanterre in European Community Law, 1994
  • Judge at the Court of First Instance of the European Communities in Luxembourg, 1995
  • Section President at the Paris Appeal Court, commercial section, 2001
  • Vice-President of the European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ) at the Council of Europe, 2002-2006
  • Judge at the Court of Cassation, 2005-2011
  • Visiting Scholar at the Law School of the University of Columbia in New-York, 2011
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 4 November 2011.
Erik Fribergh Sweden Registrar
Born on 19 November 1950 in Stockholm

  • Law and Economics degrees, University of Lund, 1973
  • Law clerk at the District Court of Härnösand and the County Administrative Court and the Authority of the Region of Västernorrland, 1973-1976
  • Associate judge and judge at the Administrative Court of Appeal of Gothenburg, 1976-1978
  • Deputy Secretary to the Governmental Commission against Unnecessary Bureaucracy, Ministry of Local Government, 1978-79 and to the Governmental Committee on Administrative Law, Ministry of Justice 1979-1981
  • Legal Administrator in the Secretariat of the European Commission of Human Rights 1981-1991
  • Head of Section, Personnel Division, Directorate of Administration, Council of Europe 1991-1993
  • Head of Division and then Deputy to the Secretary of the European Commission of Human Rights, 1993-1997
  • Deputy Secretary to the European Commission of Human Rights, November 1997-1998
  • Section Registrar of the new European Court of Human Rights, 1998-2002
  • Deputy Registrar of the Court, 2002-2005
  • Registrar of the Court since 7 November 2005.
Michael O'Boyle Ireland Deputy Registrar
Born in 1950 in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

  • Previously Registrar of the First and Fourth Sections of the Court.
  • Author of various articles in the field of public law and human rights and co-author (with Professors Harris and Warbrick ) of the Law of the European Convention on Human Rights, Butterworths, 1995, the second edition of which was published by Oxford University Press in March 2009.
  • Educated in Queens University, Belfast, (LLB), the Harvard Law School (LLM) and the International Institute of Human Rights, Strasbourg (Diploma in the international and comparative law of human rights).
  • Barrister-at-Law and former Lecturer in Public Law, Faculty of Law, Queens University.
  • Deputy Registrar of the Court since 13 February 2006.
Paul Lemmens Belgium Judge
Born on 29 June 1954 in Wilrijk, Belgium

  • Degree in Law, University of Antwerp and Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), 1971-1976
  • Master of Laws, Northwestern University, Chicago, United States, 1977-1978
  • Doctor in Law, Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), 1987
  • Member of the Brussels bar, 1976-1984 and 1987-1994
  • Auditor at the Council of State, 1984-1987
  • Judge (1994-2005), chamber president (2005-2012), Council of State
  • Assistant, Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), 1976-1986
  • Professor of human rights (since 1986), of civil procedure (1986-1995), of administrative procedure (1995-1997), of constitutional law (1997-2008), University of Leuven (KU Leuven)
  • Member of the Human Rights Advisory Panel (United Nations, Kosovo), 2007-2012
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 13 September 2012.
Helena Jäderblom Sweden Judge
Born on 16 October 1958 in Gothenburg, Sweden

  • Master of Law, University of Uppsala, 1983
  • Maritime law course, University of Oslo, Norway, 1983
  • Assistant Judge and Associate Judge at the Administrative Court of Appeal and its courts of first instance, Stockholm, 1987-2003
  • Lecturer in Constitutional and Administrative Law, Faculty of Law, University of Stockholm, 1993-1994
  • Legal Adviser and Deputy Director in the Division of Constitutional Law of the Swedish Ministry of Justice, 1994-2003
  • Member and Chairperson of the Council of Europe Group of Specialists on Access to Official Information under the Steering Committee for Human Rights (CDDH), 1998-2000, 2004-2008
  • Assignments from the Council of Europe as expert as regards legislative projects in various Member States in Central and Eastern Europe and missions as part of the Council of Europe’s activities for development and consolidation of democratic stability in Member States, 1998-2005
  • Director and Head of the Pardons Division of the Swedish Ministry of Justice, 2002-2005
  • Sweden’s representative in the Council of Europe’s Steering Committee for Legal Cooperation (CDCJ), 2002-2005
  • Senior Judge and Head of Division at the County Administrative Court, Stockholm, 2005-2007
  • Chief Judge and Head of Division at the Administrative Court of Appeal, Stockholm, 2007-2011
  • Justice of the Supreme Administrative Court, 2011-2012
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 26 September 2012.
Paul Mahoney United Kingdom Judge
Born on 6 September 1946 in London, United Kingdom

  • M.A. in jurisprudence, Merton College, Oxford University, 1964-1967
  • Lecturer in law, University College London, 1967-1973
  • LL.M., University College London, 1969
  • Barrister-at-law, London, 1972-1974
  • Lawyer and senior lawyer (1974-1990), Head of Division (1993-1995) of the European Court of Human Rights
  • Associate editor, Human Rights Law Journal, 1980-2012
  • Visiting professor of human rights, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada, 1988
  • Head of Personnel in the Secretariat General of the Council of Europe, 1990-1993
  • Deputy Registrar of the European Court of Human Rights, 1995-2001
  • Member of the International Institute of Human Rights, Strasbourg, since 1996
  • Registrar of the European Court of Human Rights, 2001-2005
  • Judge and President of the European Union Civil Service Tribunal, Luxembourg, 2005-2011
  • Chairman of the Appeals Boards, European Space Agency, Paris, France, 2011-2012
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 November 2012.
Aleš Pejchal Czech Republic Judge
Born on 30 June 1952 in Prague, Czech Republic

  • Law degree, Faculty of Law, Charles University, Prague, 1976
  • Junior lawyer, 1976-1980
  • Juris Doctor (JUDr.), Faculty of Law, Charles University, Prague, 1978
  • Member of the Czech Bar, 1980
  • Advocate partner in a law firm, 1980-2012
  • Lecturer in constitutional and civil law at the Academy of Performing Arts, Prague, 1995-1997
  • Member of the Control Council of the Czech Bar Association, 2002-2005
  • President of the Private Law Section of the Czech Bar Association, 2002-2009
  • Member of the Consultative Advisory Body of the President of the Czech Republic for the areas of law and legislation, 2003-2012
  • Member of the Board of Directors of the Czech Bar Association, 2005-2012
  • Arbitrator at the Arbitration Court attached to the Economic Chamber of the Czech Republic and Agricultural Chamber of the Czech Republic, 2007-2012
  • Member of the Multi-jurisdictional Law Firms Committee of the Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE), 2007-2012
  • President of the Study and Legislative Collegium of the Czech Bar Association, 2009-2012
  • Vice-President of the Czech Bar Association, 2009-2012
  • Member of the Human Rights Committee of the CCBE, 2009-2012
  • Member of the Legislative Council of the Government of the Czech Republic, 2011-2012
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 November 2012.
Krzysztof Wojtyczek Poland Judge
Born on 19 February 1968 in Kraków, Poland

  • Master in Law, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, 1991
  • Junior lecturer, Faculty of Law and Administration, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, 1991-1999
  • Doctorate in law, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, 1998
  • Legal advisor (1998-2009), Senior legal advisor (2009-2012) of the Constitutional Court
  • Lecturer, Faculty of Law and Administration, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, 1999-2010
  • Director of the School of French law, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, 2000-2012
  • Member of the European Scientific Council (European Group of Public Law), since 2006
  • Habilitation in law, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, 2009
  • Member of a Committee of experts appointed by the President of the first house of the Parliament (Sejm) for the preparation of a draft of a new chapter of the Polish Constitution on the European Union membership, 2009-2010
  • Professor at the Jagiellonian University, Kraków, since 2010
  • Director of the Coordination Centre for Foreign Law Schools, 2010-2012
  • Associate member of the International Academy of Comparative Law, since 2012
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 November 2012.
Johannes Silvis Netherlands Judge
Born on 14 November 1953 in Winschoten, the Netherlands

  • Bachelor-degree in Law studies, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, 1977
  • Doctoral/master degree in Law, specialisations in Penal Law and Constitutional Law, 1979
  • Lecturer, Faculty of Law, University of Utrecht, 1980-1993
  • Member of the Law Faculty Council, University of Utrecht, 1984-1988
  • Member of the University Council and member of the Presidium in the University of Utrecht, 1989-1991
  • Member of the Advisory Board of the Journal of Law and Society, 1991-1993
  • Honorary Judge in the District Court of Utrecht, 1991-1994
  • Judge (1994-1998), Investigating judge (1997), Vice-President (1998-2001) of the District Court of Rotterdam
  • Lecturer for Lawyers and other Higher Legal professionals, 1998-2004
  • Lecturer at the School for Magistrates, 2001-2005
  • Judge (2001-2003, 2005), Vice-President (2005-2010) of the High Court of Appeal (Gerechtshof) of The Hague; Chairman of the Penal Section and Member of the Board of Directors of this Court, 2006-2010
  • Counsellor and Chairman of the Committee on Criminal Procedure and Legislation in the Ministry of Justice, Directorate Legislation, 2003-2005
  • Chairman of the European Union Council Working Group on Penal Cooperation in the European Union during the Dutch Presidency, 2004
  • Chairman of the Scientific Committee of the Dutch Union of Magistrates, 2011-2012
  • Advocate-General at the Supreme Court of the Netherlands, 2010-2012
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 November 2012.
Valeriu Griţco Republic of Moldova Judge
Born on 22 February 1959 in Mîndîc, Donduseni district, Republic of Moldova
  • Law Degree, Faculty of Law, State University, 1975-1980
  • Lecturer in Civil and Civil Procedure Law, State University, 1980-1983 and 1986-1987
  • Doctorate in Law and post-graduate studies, All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Soviet Legislation of the USSR Ministry of Justice, Moscow, Russian Federation, 1983-1986
  • District Judge, Chisinau, 1987-1991
  • Lawyer, member of the Bar Association of the Republic of Moldova (since 1991), member of the Board of the Bar Association (since 2003)
  • Legal advisor of many national and foreign banks and companies (1995-2011)
  • Chairman of the Qualification Commission (1999-2003), Vice-President of the Bar Association (2003-2007)
  • Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Republic of Moldova, since 2005
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 3 December 2012.
Ksenija Turković Croatia Judge

Born on 13 February 1964 in Zagreb, Croatia

  • Dipl. Jur. Degree (J.D.), Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb, 1987
  • Master of Law (LL.M.), Yale Law School, New Haven, CT, USA, 1989
  • Doctor of Juristic Science (J.S.D.), Yale Law School, New Haven, CT, USA, 1996
  • Member of the New York State Bar, NY, USA, 1996-2008
  • Associate in General Corporate Practice, Sullivan & Cromwell, New York, NY, USA, 1995-1996
  • Legal Counsel in a case before the ICTY, The Hague, Netherlands, Hunton & Williams, New York, NY, USA, 1998-2000
  • Visiting Scholar, Yale Law School, New Haven, CT, USA, 2002-2003
  • Full Professor of Criminal Law, Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb (Associate Dean for Academic and Student Affairs, 2005-2007; Head of Criminal Law Department, 2008-2010)
  • Vice-Rector, University of Zagreb, 2008-2012
  • Vice-president of the Committee of Experts on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PC-ES), Council of Europe, 2006-2007
  • Vice-president of the Group of Specialists on Child Friendly Justice (CJ-S-CH), Council of Europe, 2009-2010
  • President of the Expert Committee drafting new Croatian Criminal Code (adopted by the Croatian Parliament in 2011), Ministry of Justice, Zagreb, 2009-2011
  • President of the Board, Croatian Centre for Human Rights (an independent national human rights institution), Zagreb, 2007-2012
  • Observing Member of the Management Board of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, 2010-2012
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 2 January 2013.
Dmitry Dedov Russian Federation Judge

Born on 22 February 1967, in the city of Novograd-Volynskiy, Zhitomir oblast, USSR

  • Studies in law, Moscow State University, Law school, 1984-1991
  • PhD, Moscow State University, Law school, 1994
  • Expert at the Russian Constitutional Court and the Russian Government, 2000-2005
  • Docent and Professor, Moscow State University, 2004-2010
  • Head of the Legislation department, Russian Supreme Commercial Court, 2005-2008
  • Doctor of law, 2006
  • Judge, Russian Supreme Commercial Court, 2008-2012
  • Professor, Center for Transnational Legal Studies, London, 2010
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 2 January 2013. 
Faris Vehabović Bosnia and Herzegovina Judge
Born on 23 May 1967 in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Law Degree, Faculty of Law, University of Sarajevo, 1987-1993
  • Trainee, European Commission of Human Rights, 1998
  • Legal expert, Office of the Ombudsperson for Human Rights, 1996-2000
  • Bar Exam, 2001
  • Registrar, Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2001-2007
  • Master Degree in European Studies, Interdisciplinary Postgraduate Studies in European Studies, University of Bologna and University of Sarajevo, 2003-2005
  • Judge (2007-2012), Vice-President (2008-2012), Constitutional Court of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Member of Association of Judges of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Lecturer, Centres for Education of Judges and Prosecutors of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska
  • Member of the Board, Center for human Rights, University of Sarajevo
  • Ad hoc Judge, European Court of Human Rights, 2010-2012
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 3 December 2012.
Egidijus Kūris Lithuania Judge

Born on 26 October 1961, in Vilnius, Lithuania

  • M.A. in law, Vilnius University, 1984
  • PhD in law, Moscow State University, 1988
  • Habilitation, Vilnius University, 2008
  • Assistant lecturer (1984-1985, 1988-1991), Senior Lecturer (1991-1992), Associate professor (1992-1994), Professor and Head (2008-2009), Department of Theory and History of State and Law; Professor and Head (2009-2013), Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, Vilnius University
  • Advisor, State Re-Establishment Committee, Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania, 1990-1991
  • Member, legal professionals’ group for drafting the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, 1992
  • Associate Professor (1992-2002), Professor (2002-2013) and Director (1992-1999), Institute of International Relations and Political Science, Vilnius University
  • Assistant to the President, Constitutional Court of Lithuania, 1993-1997
  • President, Lithuanian Political Science Association, 1995-1998
  • Justice (1999-2008) and President (2002-2008), Constitutional Court of Lithuania
  • President (as president of the constitutional court presiding at the Conference), Conference of the European Constitutional Courts, 2005-2008
  • President of the Council, Mykolas Romeris University, Vilnius, 2005-2009
  • Associate Member, International Academy of Comparative Law, since 2012
  • Member, Permanent Commission for the Assessment of Activities of Judges (Lithuania), 2012-2013
  • Member, Advisory Board, Ministry of Health (Lithuania), 2013
  • External Advisor to the Minister of Justice (Lithuania), 2013
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 November 2013.
Robert Spano Iceland Judge

Born on 27 August 1972, in Reykjavik, Iceland

  • Cand. jur. degree in Law (combined BA and Masters Degrees), Faculty of Law, University of Iceland 1997
  • Mag. jur. degree in European and Comparative Law, University of Oxford (University College) 2000, Clifford Chance Prize (proxime accessit), Civil Procedure Prize
  • Deputy District Court Judge, 1997-1998
  • Legal Adviser to the Parliamentary Ombudsman, 1998-2001
  • Adjunct Professor of Law, Faculty of Law, University of Iceland, 2000-2002
  • Assistant Professor of Law, Faculty of Law, University of Iceland, 2002-2004
  • District Court Judge, 2004
  • Deputy to the Parliamentary Ombudsman, 2001-2004
  • Member of the Board, Human Rights Institute, University of Iceland, 2005-2013
  • Chairman of the Standing Committee of Experts on Criminal Law, Ministry of Justice, 2003-2008 and 2011-2013
  • Associate Professor of Law, Faculty of Law, University of Iceland, (tenure) 2004-2006
  • Editor of the Law Review, Lawyers' Association of Iceland, 2005-2013
  • Professor of Public Law, Criminal Procedure and Jurisprudence, Faculty of Law, University of Iceland, (tenure) 2006
  • Chairman of a Commission of Experts appointed by the Prime Minister of Iceland to investigate human rights abuses from 1947-1992 in child care institutions run by the state and municipal governments, 2007-2012
  • Chairman of a Commission of Experts elected by the Assembly of the National Church of Iceland to investigate allegations of sexual abuse by the former Bishop of Iceland, 2010-2011
  • Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Law, University of Iceland, 2007-2010
  • Dean of the Faculty of Law, University of Iceland, 2010-2013
  • Member of the Judicial Supervisory Board, 2011-2013
  • Independent Expert to the Lanzarote Committee of the Council of Europe, 2012
  • Icelandic Member of the European Committee on Crime Problems (CDCP), 2012-2013
  • Ad hoc Judge, EFTA Court, 2012-2013
  • Parliamentary Ombudsman of Iceland (provisional appointment and ad hoc), 2009-2013
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 November 2013.
Iulia Antoanella Motoc Romania Judge

Born on 20 August 1967, in Timişoara, Romania

  • L.L.B., University of Bucharest, School of Law, 1989
  • Master in International Public Law, University Aix-Marseilles III, 1991
  • S.J.D. in International Public Law, University Aix-Marseilles III, 1996
  • Habilitation in Law, University Paris XI, 1998
  • Ph.D. in Philosophy, University of Bucharest, Department of Philosophy, 1999
  • Senior “Jean Monnet” Fellow, New York University, School of Law, 2003-2004
  • Senior Fellow, Yale University, School of Law, Orville Centre for International Human Rights, 2004-2007
  • Trainee Prosecutor, Giurgiu Regional Prosecution Office, 1989-1990
  • Judge, Trial Court of the 2nd District of Bucharest, 1990-1995
  • Lawyer, Bucharest Bar Association, 1995-2013
  • Teaching Assistant (1995-1997), lecturer (1997-1998), reader (1998-2002), professor of International Law and Human Rights (2002-2013) and European Law (2007-2013), University of Bucharest
  • Member of the Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, Council of Europe, 1998-2004 and 2008-2012
  • Member (2000–2007) and President (2000-2001) of the Sub-Commission on the promotion and protection of human rights, United Nations
  • Member, Working Group on Indigenous Populations, United Nations, 2000-2004
  • Special Rapporteur of the United Nations Commission for Human Rights for the Democratic Republic of Congo, 2001-2004
  • Member, Working Group on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights, United Nations, 2003-2006
  • UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Human Genome, 2004-2007
  • Member (2006-2013), Rapporteur (2008-2010) and Vice-President (2012-2013), Human Rights Committee, United Nations
  • Member, Executive Board of the European Society of International Law, 2004-2008
  • Member of the Presidential Commission for Analysis of the Constitution, Romania, 2007-2008
  • Member of the Fundamental Rights Agency of the European Union, 2010-2012
  • Director (Romania) of the European Master on Human Rights and Democratisation, European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratisation, Venice, 2007-2013
  • Arbitrator, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Washington, 2008-2013
  • Research Professor, Justice and International Law in a Global World, Institute for Research in International and European Law, Sorbonne, 2012-2013
  • Judge, Constitutional Court of Romania, 2010-2013
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 18 December 2013.
Jon Fridrik Kjølbro Denmark Judge

Born on 2 June 1967, in Gentofte, Denmark

  • Master of Law, University of Copenhagen, 1992
  • Deputy prosecutor, District Prosecutors Office (1993-1994), State Prosecutors Office (1994 and 1996-2001), Copenhagen
  • Head of section, Ministry of Justice, Civil Department (1993-1994), Law Department (European Union Law and Human Rights Division 1996-2000; Penal Law Division 2001; Human Rights Office 2001-2003)
  • Deputy Judge, District Court of Torshavn, Faroe Islands, 1994-1996
  • Co-editor of a legal magazine on European Union Law and Human Rights with responsibility for publication of summaries of leading cases from the ECHR, 2000-2010
  • Secretary to the Committee on the incorporation of human rights conventions in Danish Law, 2001
  • Ad hoc Judge, Copenhagen Eastern High Court, 2003 and 2004
  • District Court Judge, Copenhagen District Court, 2004-2005
  • High Court Judge (2005-2014), Deputy Section President (2010-2014), Copenhagen Eastern High Court
  • Vice-Chairman, Refugee Board, 2012-2014
  • Judge of the European Court of Human Rights since 1 April 2014.

More information

The seats of the judges elected in respect of Armenia and Ireland are currently vacant.


Sections

Last updated: 01.11.2014

A Section is an administrative entity and a Chamber is a judicial formation of the Court within a given Section.
The Court has 5 Sections in which Chambers are formed. Each Section has a President, a Vice-President and a number of other judges.

Section I

President

I. Berro-Lefèvre

Vice-President

E. Steiner

K. Hajiyev
M. Lazarova Trajkovska
J. Laffranque
P. Pinto de Albuquerque
L.-A. Sicilianos
E. Møse
K. Turković
D. Dedov

Section Registrar

S. Nielsen

Deputy Section Registrar

A. Wampach

Section II

President

G. Raimondi

Vice-President

I. Karakaş

A. Sajó
N. Vučinić
H. Keller
P. Lemmens
E. Kūris
R. Spano
J.F. Kjølbro

Section Registrar

S. Naismith

Deputy Section Registrar

A. Campos

Section III

President

J. Casadevall

Vice-President

L. López Guerra

J. Šikuta
D. Popović
K. Pardalos
J. Silvis
V. Griţco
I.A. Motoc

Section Registrar

S. Phillips

Deputy Section Registrar

M. Tsirli

Section IV

President

I. Ziemele

Vice-President

P. Hirvelä

G. Nicolaou
L. Bianku
N. Tsotsoria
Z. Kalaydjieva
P. Mahoney
K. Wojtyczek
F. Vehabović

Section Registrar

F. Elens-Passos

Deputy Section Registrar

F. Aracı

Section V

President

M. Villiger

Vice-President

A. Nußberger

D. Spielmann
B. Zupančič
G. Yudkivska
V. De Gaetano
A. Potocki
H. Jäderblom
A. Pejchal

Section Registrar

C. Westerdiek

Deputy Section Registrar

Currently vacant

Filtering section

Grand Chamber

Composition of the Grand Chamber

The Grand Chamber is made up of 17 judges: the Court’s President and Vice-Presidents, the Section Presidents and the national judge, together with other judges selected by drawing of lots.

More information

Practice of the Grand Chamber Panel

This document describes the general practice followed by the Panel of the Grand Chamber when deciding on requests for referral in accordance with Article 43 of the Convention. It includes statistics, an explanation of Article 43 of the Convention and examples of case-law.

English

French

Italian (translation commissioned by the Italian Government)